A probability of corruption manifestation is an assumption that certain external and/or internal risk factors having an impact on the entity’s operation will bring about corruption.
According to Article 6 of the Law on Prevention of Corruption of the Republic of Lithuania, Heads, structural units of state or municipal institutions or persons authorized by the head of a state or municipal institution to undertake the prevention of corruption or its control, shall identify the areas of activity of a state or municipal institution which are particularly prone to corruption.
An area of the activities of a state or municipal institution shall be held particularly prone to corruption if it meets one or several of the following criteria:
1) a corruption-related offence has been committed;
2) its principal functions are control and oversight;
3) there is no detailed regulation of the functions and tasks, operational and decision making procedures or responsibility of individual public servants;
4) the activities are related to granting or restriction of authorisations, exemptions, privileges or any other additional rights;
5) most of the decisions made do not require approval by any other state or municipal institution;
6) handling of information constituting a state or official secret;
7) during previous risk analysis checks instances of improper conduct were identified.
Having assessed the areas with high probability of manifestation of corruption, ministers, management of entities accountable to the President, Parliament and Government and mayors are required to develop a grounded opinion on the detection of areas most prone to corruption and submit it to the STT.
The areas of activity of a state or municipal institution which are particularly prone to corruption may be subjected to corruption risk analysis performed by STT.