The most recent survey about corruption trends in Lithuania Corruption Map 2011 was introduced on 8 November 2011. The survey shows that anti-corruption tools applied at national and municipal level yielded positive results.
The number of respondents claiming that the extent of corruption has significantly increased during the last 12 months has reduced, as compared to that in the preceding Corruption Map. In 2008, 41% of the surveyed population – 17% of entrepreneurs and 15% of public servants – pointed out that the level of corruption has increased in the past 12 months, compared to as few as 8% of entrepreneurs and 16% of population in 2011. Moreover, only 13% of the surveyed public servants, 8% of population and 4% of entrepreneurs think that corruption will grow considerably in the next three years.
The number of people who would give a bribe in order to settle their problems has notably shrunk. 35% of public servants (42% in 2008), 40% of entrepreneurs (51% in 2008) and 57% of population (64% in 2008) would give a bribe should the need arises.
Furthermore, the number of population who have given a bribe over the past 12 months was subject to a slight decrease from 24% in 2008 to 22% in 2011, whereas the number of entrepreneurs who have given a bribe has risen from 12% in 2008 to 17% in 2011.
It should be noted that the majority of respondents think that the responsibility for giving a bribe is equally shared by a bribe-giver and bribe-taker – 70% of public servants, 66% of population and 63% of entrepreneurs agreed with this statement.
All the three groups of respondents named nepotism (favoring relatives, friends or political party colleagues), bribery and abuse of office as the most widely spread forms of corruption.
Both entrepreneurs and public servants think that corruption is most often encountered in completing customs formalities and pursuing public contracts, financial support from the EU funds and permits for construction and reconstruction. Also, corruption often manifests itself in court trials, recruitment to public service and obtaining healthcare services.
The most corrupt institutions indicated by the respondents included healthcare facilities, political parties, local authorities, courts and police. Similar institutions were specified by the respondents in 2008 as well.
The opinion voiced by the respondents is based on their experience – most of them told that in the previous years they had given a bribe in institutions providing different levels of healthcare, in local authorities or to police officers.
The survey Corruption Map 2011 was conducted in July–August 2011 by the public opinion and market research center Vilmorus. The Center interviewed 1005 population, 500 enterprise managers and 545 public officials.