Together with its international partners the Special Investigation Service of the Republic of Lithuania (STT) implemented a one year project titled “Strengthening of Fight Against Corruption”.
The goal of the European Union (EU) financed project implemented during the period from December 15, 2007 to December 15, 2008 was to strengthen the STT activities in the strategic spheres of its activities: corruption prevention, investigation of corruption-type offences, improvement of anti-corruptive education and publicity.
The Danish consulting company “Ramboll Management”, main project partner and service provider, based its activities on the provisions of the National Anti-Corruption Program: the fight against corruption is important also because it is the means of democratic process enforcement and motivation of the society to strive towards honest government and public service. For this reason the proposals, reviews and reports were prepared in the way they would suggest practical means of combating corruption and induce better public services and continue reforms.
The project “Strengthening of Fight Against Corruption”, implementation of which was assisted by over 20 foreign and national experts, consisted of three parts (consistently considered in various aspects):
1. Corruption prevention:
1.1 analysis of legal liability system (analysis of asset recovery situation in Lithuania, drafts for amendment and supplementing the Criminal and Criminal Procedure Codes).
1.2 Review of licensing system and improvement of public services rendering procedure
1.3 Review of “one window” concept.
1.4 Introduction of e-government
1.5 Review of lobbying activities regulation
2. Strengthening of criminal prosecution:
2.1 Proposals regarding additional preventive measures
2.2 Strengthening of offensive activity disclosure and investigation capacities and cooperation between the law enforcement institutions
2.3 Training in Lithuania of the STT officers engaged in disclosure and investigating criminal activities.
2.4 Training abroad of the STT officers engaged in disclosure and investigating criminal activities.
3. Anti-corruption education of the society:
3.1 preparation and organisation of a regional anti-corruption awareness campaign
3.2 preparation of social (anti-corruption) information.
As far as the corruption prevention sphere is concerned, the proposals for modifications indispensable for creation of an efficient system of asset recovery from the persons engaged in criminal activities as well as draft amendments and supplements to the Criminal and Criminal Procedure Codes, recommendations for improvement of licensing system, proposals for regulation and introduction of “one window” concept (review of best practice in the EU) have been worked out. The report on e-government currently implemented in Lithuania and potentials of such system in curbing corruption was prepared, the review of the lobbying activities regulation has been performed.
Part of the proposals and recommendations in corruption prevention field developed by the project experts were included in the plan of measures for 2009-2010 for implementation of the National Anti-Corruption Program, other proposals will be realised in other ways.
As far as the criminal prosecution is concerned, trainings of the STT officers involved in operative and intelligence activities were organised in Lithuanian and abroad. The experts carried out the analysis of the STT intelligence activities and prepared their proposals regarding the STT intelligence model based on which and via making good use of intelligence experience and regular monitoring of economic, political and social processes and detection and revelation of existing and possible weak points in all spheres of public administration the STT would be in a position to more efficiently curb corruption.
In the course of the regional anti-corruption campaign the social information about the harm of corruption to residents and the state was disseminated on television, radio, internet portals and printed media and citizens were urged no to tolerate corruption and report to the STT about the known-to them corruptive activities of civil servants and officials. The social video clips were produced in the course of the campaign (aired on TV and demonstrated in cinemas), the posters of similar to the beamed information concept were put up in 55 municipality buildings of Lithuania and numerous radio programs and articles on the topic were instigated. Stickers and covers for headrests of police cars with the print “Attempts to bribe will be reported to the STT” were produced and distributed for their respective applications.
Social video clip “Bribe is offence” : http://www.stt.lt/lt/vaizdas/stt-socialines-reklamos-vaizdo-klipas2/
Social video clip “ Together we can crack corruption”: http://www.stt.lt/lt/vaizdas/-stt-socialines-reklamos-vaizdo-klipas/
The measures yielded good results: the number of applicants to the STT increased by 29 percent, there was a significant increase of telephone calls to report potential cases of corruption. Following the data of the social survey titled “Map of Corruption” conducted in 2007 only 18 per cent of all respondents knew who to report corruption to. The poll carried out in the last quarter of 2008 showed that already 37 per cent knew who to they could report a corruption case to.